Your Excellency, Mr. Evo MORALES, President of Bolivia,
Distinguished Heads of Delegations,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
It is my great honor and privilege to extend, on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, sincere appreciation to the leadership and Government of the Plurinational State of Bolivia a for cordial welcome and creation of an environment conducive to efficient and successful work of the G77+China Summit on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of its establishment.
Over these years the G77+ China managed not only to strengthen unity and solidarity of its member states, whose number by today has increased to 133, but also became an active advocate and champion of the developing countries’ interests related to the key development issues in the international policy. At the same time it succeeded in expanding collective and active participation in the discussions and promotion of favorable conditions for ensuing consistent and long-term development of the developing countries and enhancing their capacity of meeting modern challenges and threats.
I would like to specifically underscore a firm, consistent and consolidated position of the Group with regard to the issues of sustainable development. We support the efforts of the Group aimed at efficient and successful conclusion of the intergovernmental negations within the framework of implementation of the outcome of the United Nations Conference of Sustainable Development, 2012 (Rio+20), which once again reiterated commitment to sustainable development and building economically -, socially- and ecologically sustainable future for our planet. It is through the prism of sustainable development, which ensures a balance among its three interdependent and mutually reinforcing components - economic development, social wellbeing and environmental protection – the ways of addressing and meeting current and future global challenges should be considered.
Ensuring sustainable development aimed at increase of living standards of the country’s population is the strategic goal of the Tajikistan Government. This approach is reflected in the basic development-related documents of the country, among them, the National Development Strategy (NDS) of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2015, mid-term strategies for poverty reduction, strategies for development of particular economic and social sectors. The strategic goals of the Tajikistan state policy are as follows: to ensure energy and food security and to withdraw the country from the transport and communication isolation. Efficient and rational use of natural resources, development of social sector and preservation of ecosystems, development of adequate management mechanisms, and support of market environment, all the above is an integral part of the reforms currently implemented in Tajikistan with the aim to achieve sustainable development.
We believe that international trade and investments can be instrumental in achieving sustainable development goals, provided that every country operates on equal, open, regulated and fair terms and framework. We believe that the system of international trade, particularly during crisis, should be open, just, based on agreed-upon rules, predictable and non-discriminative. Tajikistan stands for granting the most-favored-nation treatment to the land locked developing countries. Lack of access to sea makes the process of development more complicated and seriously affects efficient economic integration of this group of countries into the system of multilateral trade, as well as other aspects of development, including economic growth, poverty reduction and achievement of MDGs. We call for the elimination of all those artificially established and economically unsubstantiated barriers and obstacles in the transport and communication sphere that do not contribute to establishment and strengthening of cooperation and partnership.
We believe that access to modern and cost efficient energy services is key to social and economic development, eradication of poverty and hunger, increase in living standards, reduction of inequality and meeting the basic human needs. In this context, we call to consider enhancement of the efforts at providing universal access to modern energy services as one of the issues of top priority. Our opinion is that , alongside the provision of reliable and sustainable access to energy, it is essential to encourage, in every possible way, to contribute to and invest in increasing, on a global scale, the share of renewable energy, transfer of innovative and advanced technologies, increase of efficiency of energy supply and energy conservation.
Complex development of power engineering, coupled with use of other types of renewable energy, allows not only to increase the capacities but also contributes to ensuring sustainability and increase in efficiency of energy systems, to considerable reduction of detrimental emissions, which is the key issue in addressing climate change. The Republic of Tajikistan, where 98 per cent of energy are generated at hydropower stations, has enormous hydropower potential, and given the economic and population growth, makes every possible effort to develop the country’s hydropower engineering.
Water is indispensible and vital resource, which is of fundamental significance for sustainable development, preservation of life on the planet, ensuring health and well being of the world population. At the background of ever increasing impact of climate change on land, especially in the arid regions of the planet , supply of population with water and development of water dependent economic sectors have become an issue of great concern. We consider it important to promote a dialogue and cooperation in order to search for and ensure just, mutually advantageous and rational use of water resources. To this end, in 2010, with the active support of the G77+China, the UNGA adopted the resolution, initiated by the Republic of Tajikistan, on proclaiming the year 2013 as the International Year of Water Cooperation. In this regard, I would like to avail myself of this opportunity to extend our appreciation to the Group members for their overall support of this initiative. In our view, the International Year of Water Cooperation gave additional impetus to increasing awareness and knowledge of water-related challenges and became an important venue for expanding the dialogue and interaction in the search for optimal, mutually beneficial and just ways of use and conservation of water resources. The International Year also served to broader realization of the fact that water resources management should be also based on the principle of co-development, which promotes the establishment of a broader framework for harmonization of interests in water related issues. Proceeding from this assumption we are willing to further actively interact with the Group members in advancement of water agenda for the purpose of achieving sustainable and long-term development.
Thank you for attention.