The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is the head of the state and the Chairman of the Government (the highest executive body in the country). He is also a Commander-in Chief of the all Armed Forces. The President is elected for a term of seven years by the citizens of Tajikistan on the basis of direct voting rights by secret ballot and can be reelected only once. Current President of the Republic of Tajikistan is Emomali Rahmonov. Mr. Rahmonov is a recipient of a numerous honors including 2000 World Peace Corps academy Gold Medal Award.
Executive body of the Republic of Tajikistan
The Government of the country consists of the President - the head of the Government, the Prime Minister, the First Deputy Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, ministers and various committees and agencies. Current Prime Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan is Okil Okilov.
Tajik Parliament - Majlisi Oli
Majlisi Oli consists of the upper chamber - Majlisi Milli (National Assembly) and the lower chamber - Majlisi Namoyandagon (Assembly of Representatives).
Deputies of Majlisi Namoyandagon and members of Majlisi Milli are elected for five-year terms.
Majlisi Namoyandagonconsists of 63 seats . Deputies are elected by popular vote inmixed parallel system consisting of two-rounds majoritarian and list proportional system.
Majlisi Milli has 34 seats and its members are indirectly elected. 25 of them are elected by local deputies and 8 are appointed by the President. One seat is reserved for the former President of Tajikistan (according to legislation every former President of Tajikistan can become a member of Majlisi Milli).
The legal system of Tajikistan is based on the civil law system and the judicial power is exercised by the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the Higher Economic Court, military courts, municipal and regional courts as well as regional economic courts.
The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body and conducts supervision over civil, criminal, and administrative cases. The Supreme Court is a court of first instance, second instance, and supervision.
The responsibility of the Constitutional Court is to protect the Constitution and the rights and freedoms of citizens.
The Supreme Court has the authority to refer a case to the Constitutional Court to confirm the constitutionality of a law.
Currently eight registered Political Parties are functioning in Tajikistan.
They are People-Democratic Party, Communist Party, Islamic Revival Party, Social-Democratic Party, Democratic Party, Socialist Party, Party of Economic Reform and Agrarian Party.
However, only three Political Parties - People-Democratic Party, Communist Party, and Islamic Revival Party are represented in the Parliament today.
People-Democratic Party of Tajikistan has the majority in current Parliament.
Being in the path towards development and prosperity Tajikistan possesses a range of particularities in its politics. For instance, Tajikistan is the only country in Central Asia where establishment of political party based on religious ideology is permitted by the Constitution.
Tajikistan consists of 4 administrative divisions. These are the provinces (viloyat) of Sughd and Khatlon, the autonomous province of Gorno-Badakhshan (abbreviated as GBAO), and the Region of Republican Subordination (NTJ – Ноҳияҳои тобеи ҷумҳурӣ in Tajik). Each region is divided into several districts, (Tajik: Ноҳия, nohiya or raion), which in turn are subdivided into jamoats (village-level self-governing units) and then villages (qyshloqs). As of 2006, there were 58 districts and 367 jamoats in Tajikistan