First of all, I would like to join other delegations in congratulating you and other members of the Bureau on your election and wish you every success in your work during the current session. I would like to assure you of my delegations' full support and cooperation during the current session of the 2nd Committee. I also wish to commend your predecessor for his tireless efforts and successful leadership during the previous session.
My delegation associates itself with the statement made by the distinguished Permanent Representative of Bolivia, on behalf of the Group 77 and China.
The current session of the Committee takes place at a critical moment, when we confronted by numerous difficulties. It is evident, that the progress we achieved earlier in tackling different issues should be fully complemented by renewed actions and practical contributions.
In our view, the post 2015 development agenda must be based on the foundation laid down by the MDGs. It should contribute to building up progress achieved in the implementation of the Millennium Declaration and envisage ways and means of responding to the new challenges. The post 2015 development agenda should focus on eradication of poverty and inequality with the purpose to promote the achievement of sustainable development. The major prerequisites for sustainable development should be promotion of sustainable models of production and consumption, protection and rational use of natural resources, promotion of sustainable economic growth, social integration, and improvement of living standards and employment opportunities for everyone.
Tajikistan supports the report of the Open Working Group on SDGs. The sustainable development goals aimed at integration of the three components of sustainable development, with due consideration to the Rio principles and national specific features and priorities, should become an important part of the post 2015 development agenda.
High-level political forum on sustainable developmentthat replaced the Commission on Sustainable Development is meant to establish an efficient universal platform for integration of the three components of sustainable development, dialogue and review of progress, and also for development and harmonizing programs and actions for promotion of sustainable development
Experience shows that it is impossible to achieve the development goals without ensuring a reliable and universal access to energy. The International Decade of Sustainable Energy for All (2014-2024) provides a unique opportunity for practical implementation of this goal. We believe that, along with ensuring a reliable and sustainable access to energy, it is necessary, to encourage and invest in the increase of the share of renewable energy, in transfer of modern and advanced technologies, increase of efficiency of energy supply and energy conservation.
Integrated development of hydro-energy, coupled with the use of potential of other types of renewable energy, allows not only to increase capacities but also to ensure sustainability and enhance energy systems efficiency, and to considerably reduce detrimental emissions, which is a key in addressing the issue of climate change. Tajikistan possesses a huge hydro-energy potential, and in the conditions of growth of economy and population and lack of other sources of energy the country makes every effort at ensuring integrated development of its energy sector.
To achieve sustainable development it is necessary to attach relevant importance to ensuring universal access to modern and cost efficient energy services, increasing energy efficiency and energy conservation, enlarging the share of renewable energy in the global energy consumption, transfer of technologies, and increase in investments in this sector.
My next point is related to water, which is key in achieving sustainable development. As para 119 of the Rio+20 Outcome document says:
I quote “water is at the core of sustainable development as it is closely linked to a number of key global challenges” end of quote.
As the distinguished members of the Committee might be aware, on 23 December 2004 the Second Committee at its 58th session adopted the resolution, entitled “International Decade for Action, “Water for Life”, 2005-2015”. The resolution was co-sponsored by more than 140 delegations. In the resolution the UNGA decided that among the goals of the Decade should be a greater focus on the implementation of water-related programmes and projects, while striving to ensure the participation and involvement of women in water-related development efforts, and the furtherance of cooperation at all levels in order to help to achieve internationally agreed water-related goals.
In our opinion, the InternationalDecade provided a powerful impetus for various initiatives and efforts aimed at promoting access to fresh drinking water and sanitation, introduction of integrated management of water resources, strengthening and expanding water cooperation, increasing awareness of water-related challenges. The Decade also became an important platform for expanding water cooperation and developing nexus approach to water resources.
By another consensus resolution, the Committee declared the year 2013 as the International Year of Water Cooperation, which was also successfully implemented within the framework of promoting the International Decade for Action, “Water for Life”, 2005-2015. We thank the Secretary-General for the report on the International Year of Water Cooperation. We would like also extend our appreciation to the UN-Water, in particular the UNESCO and UNECE, for coordinating of the activities of the International Year Water Cooperation and preparing the report.
The International Decade for Action “Water for Life” commenced in 2005 on World Water Day - March 22nd, and in 2015, this landmark event, would provide a unique opportunity to assess and exchange views on the achievements and constrains in the implementation of the Decade. In this connection, we believe that it would be timely to hold a High-level interactive dialogue of the sixty-ninth session of the General Assembly to comprehensively evaluate progress achieved in the implementation of the Decade. Therefore, Tajikistan proposed a new draft resolution with aim to assess the progress in the implementation of the International Decade for Action, “Water for Life”, 2005-2015 and to discuss further ways to achieve sustainable development of water resources. The draft resolution and explanatory memorandum were distributed among members of the Committee on 13 October 2014.
In conclusion, I would like to express our sincere hope that the co-sponsors of the resolution on the International Decade for Action, “Water for Life, 2005-2015” and other delegations will demonstrate solidarity and support the new draft resolution submitted as a follow-up to the previous resolutions of the Second Committee.
Thank you for attention.