First of all I would like to thank the Executive Director of UN Woman and Deputy Executive Director of UNFPA for encouraging statements, and to express deep appreciation for the contribution of CEDAW in global efforts for gender equality.
Tajikistan supports the central role of the UN in the review and appraisal of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration, Platform for Action, promoting gender equality, strengthening the role of women and increasing their participation in all spheres of life.
This year Tajikistan has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. In our view, elimination of violence against women is the key to the efforts of member states in ensuring gender equality.
Tajikistan is conducting a targeted policy to eliminate discrimination against women in all its forms. Social reforms conducted in Tajikistan are aimed at consolidating the state’ guarantees of equality between men and women in national law. The Government of Tajikistan adopted a State program on prevention of family violence for 2014-2023.
In 2013 the Tajikistan Parliament passed a Domestic violence prevention law. In compliance with the decree issued by the Minister of internal affairs, offices of inspectors have been established to combat domestic violence. Since November 2010 the Academy of Internal Affairs has had on its curriculum an optional course on prevention of domestic violence.
The information-and-consultation centers established with the support of the country office of UN-Women, the key partner in promoting gender equality in Tajikistan, have become another instrument for strengthening the capacity of both national and local committees on women.
We note the positive dynamic in advancement of legislation on gender equality in the country. However, we deem it important to focus our efforts on the implementation of this legislation for achieving the actual and practical protection of women’s rights.
In cooperation with the international organizations and civil society, the Government of Tajikistan is taking specific measures for effective implementation of the adopted legislation on gender equality. For instance, the Committee on Women and Family under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan has closely cooperated with the Coalition of public associations entitled “From legal equality to actual equality” that was established in May 2008. The Coalition operates on the bases of a Partnership Agreement, without establishing a legal entity, and currently numbers 93 public associations among its members from different regions of the country.
Providing a wider range of economic opportunities for women, enhancing their competitiveness in the labor market and wider engagement in entrepreneurial activities are the key for ensuring gender equality. In 2012 the Government of Tajikistan developed and adopted the State Program for training female specialists and promoting their employment for 2012-2013. To decrease unemployment rate among women, the Program envisages measures for encouraging women’s employment. One of the effective elements of the policy pursued in the area of women’s employment is a support of women’s initiatives on establishing individual labor activities and entrepreneurship through issuing micro loans, which are an effective instrument for poverty reduction.
The Government of Tajikistan attaches special importance to professional training of women through the government system of vocational training, which includes development of centers for adults training and vocational schools. In order to ensure the young women’s right to education and to get them prepared for independent/self-reliant life, and also to implement certain provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, on June 21 2010 the Tajikistan Family Code was amended, and the marriage age was changed from 17 to 18 years of age.
Tajikistan pays special attention to improving health services. The country has adopted a number of legal and normative documents with regard to health and reproductive health of women. Much work is being done to increase the awareness of the population of the issues related to reproductive health, family planning, women’s hygiene, prevention of ontological diseases, HIV/AIDS.
In conclusion, I would like to note that we support the initiative to take into account a wide spectrum of gender equality issues and women’s rights while developing sustainable development goals. It is encouraging to know that the issues of gender equality and empowerment of women were in the focus of the debates of the Open Working Group on sustainable development goals. However, I have to underline that if our efforts are not supported by adequate financial resources, investments and innovative technologies, the process of achieving our goals and objectives will be impaired.
I thank you.